Jesse James

Jesse James

Jesse James nasceu em Clay County, Missouri, em 5 de setembro de 1847. Seu pai saiu de casa ainda criança em busca de ouro na Califórnia e nunca mais voltou. Jessie e seu irmão Frank James foram criados por sua mãe, Zeralda James.

A família James era proprietária de escravos e apoiava o Exército Confederado durante a Guerra Civil Americana. Em 1862, William Quantrill estabeleceu um bando de guerrilheiros. Jessie James se juntou a outros membros da gangue, incluindo Frank James, Cole Younger e James Younger.

Além de atacar as tropas da União, os Quantrill Raiders também roubaram carruagens de correio, assassinaram apoiadores de Abraham Lincoln e perseguiram comunidades em Missouri e Kansas que Quantrill considerava anti-confederadas. A gangue também ganhou a reputação de assassinar membros do Exército da União que haviam feito prisioneiros.

Em 21 de agosto de 1863, os Quantrill Raiders cometeram uma das piores atrocidades da Guerra Civil ao atacar a cidade de Lawrence. Durante a operação, a gangue de Quantrill matou 150 habitantes e incendiou mais de 180 edifícios.

Após a guerra, Jessie e seu irmão Frank James tornaram-se bandidos e estabeleceram uma gangue que incluía Jessie James, Bob Younger, Cole Younger, James Younger, Bill Chadwell, Clell Miller e Charlie Pitts.

Em 13 de fevereiro de 1866, a gangue roubou um banco em Liberty, Missouri. Nos anos seguintes, os irmãos participaram de doze assaltos a banco, sete assaltos a trens, quatro assaltos a carruagens e vários outros atos criminosos. Durante esses crimes, pelo menos onze cidadãos foram mortos pela gangue. Além do estado de Missouri, eles também atuavam em West Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas e Minnesota.

Em 7 de setembro de 1876, a gangue tentou roubar o First National Bank em Northfield, Minnesota. Durante a invasão, Jessie James matou o caixa, Lee Heywood. Membros da cidade decidiram revidar e abriram fogo contra a gangue. Bill Chadwell, Clell Miller e Charlie Pitts foram mortos, enquanto Bob Younger, Cole Younger e James Younger foram todos feridos e capturados.

Jessie James e Frank James também foram feridos, mas conseguiram fugir de Northfield. Após este desastre, Jessie decidiu se esconder. Jessie adotou o nome de J. D. Howard e alugou uma casa em Nashville, Tennessee. Ele também começou a recrutar uma nova gangue que incluía Robert Ford, Charlie Ford e Dick Liddel.

Em 8 de outubro de 1879, Jessie James e sua gangue assaltaram a ferrovia Chicago & Alton em Glendale, Missouri, e roubaram $ 6.000. Isso foi seguido por outros ataques, em um, em Blue Cut, Missouri, em setembro de 1881, a gangue matou o condutor e um aposentado. O governador do Missouri, Thomas Crittenden, respondeu agora oferecendo uma recompensa de US $ 10.000 pela captura de Jessie James.

Robert Ford, um membro da gangue de Jessie James, contatou o governador Crittenden e ofereceu seus serviços para receber essa recompensa. Em 3 de abril de 1882, Ford visitou Jessie James em sua casa e quando ele subiu em uma cadeira para endireitar um quadro na parede, ele atirou na nuca dele. Ford foi considerado culpado de assassinato e condenado à morte. Duas horas depois, ele foi perdoado por Crittenden e recebeu sua recompensa.

Na manhã de 3 de abril, Jess e eu fomos ao centro, como sempre, antes do café da manhã, para ler os jornais. Chegamos em casa por volta das oito horas e nos sentamos na sala da frente. Jess estava sentado de costas para mim, lendo o St. Louis Republican. Peguei o Times e a primeira coisa que vi nas grandes manchetes foi a história da rendição de Dick Liddil. Só então a Sra. James entrou e disse que o café da manhã estava pronto. Ao meu lado estava uma cadeira com um xale e, tão rápido quanto um raio, levantei-a e enfiei o papel embaixo dela. Jess não pode ter me visto, mas ele se levantou, foi até a cadeira, pegou o xale e jogou na cama e, pegando o jornal, foi para a cozinha. Senti que a balada tinha acabado, mas fui atrás e me sentei na mesa em frente a Jess.

A Sra. James serviu o café e se sentou em uma das pontas da mesa. Jesse abriu o jornal na mesa à sua frente e começou a olhar as manchetes. De repente, Jess disse: "Olá, aqui. A rendição de Dick Liddil." E ele olhou para mim com um brilho nos olhos.

"Jovem, pensei que você me disse que não sabia que Dick Liddil havia se rendido", disse ele.

Eu disse a ele que não sabia.

"Bem", disse ele, "é muito estranho. Ele se rendeu há três semanas e você estava bem ali na vizinhança. Parece suspeito."

Ele continuou a me encarar, eu me levantei e fui para a sala da frente. Em um minuto, ouvi Jess empurrar a cadeira para trás e caminhar até a porta. Ele entrou sorrindo e disse agradavelmente: "Bem, Bob, está tudo bem, de qualquer maneira."

Instantaneamente, seu verdadeiro propósito passou pela minha mente. Eu sabia que não o havia enganado. Ele era muito esperto para isso. Ele sabia naquele momento tão bem quanto eu que eu estava lá para traí-lo. Mas ele não iria me matar na presença de sua esposa e filhos. Ele caminhou até a cama e deliberadamente desafivelou o cinto, com quatro revólveres nele, e o jogou na cama. Foi a primeira vez na minha vida que o vi sem o cinto, e eu sabia que ele o jogou fora para acalmar ainda mais quaisquer suspeitas que eu pudesse ter.

Ele parecia querer se ocupar com algo que deixasse a impressão em minha mente de que havia esquecido o incidente na mesa do café da manhã e disse: "Essa foto está terrivelmente empoeirada." Não havia uma partícula de poeira que eu pudesse ver no quadro, mas ele colocou uma cadeira embaixo dela e então subiu nela e começou a espanar o quadro na parede.

Enquanto ele estava ali, desarmado, de costas para mim, me ocorreu de repente: 'Agora ou nunca é sua chance. Se você não o pegar agora, ele vai te pegar esta noite. Sem pensar mais ou perder um momento, puxei meu revólver e apontei-o enquanto estava sentado. Ele ouviu o clique do martelo enquanto eu o engatinhava com o polegar e começava a girar enquanto puxava o gatilho. A bola o atingiu logo atrás da orelha e ele caiu como um tronco, morto.


Jesse James (empresário)

Jesse Gregory James (nascido em 19 de abril de 1969) é um empresário americano, mecânico automotivo e personalidade da televisão. Ele é o fundador da West Coast Choppers e atual CEO da Austin Speed ​​e Jesse James Firearms Unlimited, ambas com sede em Austin, Texas. Ele foi o foco de um programa que narrava algumas das criações de motocicletas personalizadas em sua série de TV Jesse James: Outlaw Garage, que apresentou uma temporada de single encurtada em 2012 no Discovery Channel antes de ser cancelada.

James foi o apresentador dos reality shows de TV Jesse James é um homem morto na Spike TV e Monster Garage no Discovery Channel, e o foco do documentário Mania da motocicleta, também no Discovery. Ele também apareceu no videogame de skate de 2004 Tony Hawk's Underground 2.


Nova foto prova que Jesse James fingiu sua morte

Por pouco mais de duas décadas, minha mãe, Betty Dorsett Duke, pesquisou a história de sua família em um esforço para determinar se seu bisavô era ou não o fora-da-lei do Velho Oeste, Jesse Woodson James, que fingiu sua morte e viveu até os 97 anos em Blevins , Texas sob o pseudônimo de James Lafayette Courtney. Vários especialistas em fotografia forense verificaram que as fotos de sua família correspondiam às fotos historicamente aceitas de Jesse James, a mãe de Jesse, Zerelda, o padrasto de Jesse, Dr. Reuben Samuel, e outros membros da família. As evidências foram encontradas em registros de censo, certidões de nascimento, artigos de jornais da época, inúmeros livros e outras fontes, incluindo o diário do bisavô de Betty, no qual ele assinou seu nome Jesse James. Ela até provou que a exumação de 1995 do suposto túmulo de Jesse James em Kearney, Missouri, liderada pelo professor James Starrs foi contaminada e não provou nada.

Mas, de todas as suas descobertas em sua busca pela verdade, uma das que a deixou mais feliz foi a foto que ela gostava de chamar de "a foto do eBay", que mostrava claramente seu bisavô Jesse James sentado em seu quintal em Blevins, Texas, ao lado de Annie Ralston e Frank James, juntamente com vários familiares conhecidos e amigos íntimos por trás deles. ”Foi realmente um achado incrível.

Recentemente, minha irmã, Teresa Duke, descobriu uma foto que deixaria nossa mãe orgulhosa. Esta foto (cortesia da The Phillips Collection) tem o título: Jesse James Funeral e mostra exatamente o que minha mãe Betty Dorsett Duke tem dito todos esses anos: “Jesse James compareceu a seu próprio funeral” e “Wood Hite (prima de Jesse) foi aquele que foi morto e passou por Jesse. ”

Entrei em contato com o agente da The Phillips Collection e ele foi muito gentil e gentilmente me deu permissão para postar a foto com a condição de que eu liste quem ele e sua equipe acreditam que algumas das pessoas na foto são e, em seguida, listarei quem é minha família e outros acreditam que sim. Então, postarei primeiro a foto com as identidades dele e seguirei com a foto listando as identidades que acreditamos serem corretas. Abaixo delas, irei entrar em mais detalhes com comparações de fotos, a fim de mostrar por que acreditamos tanto.

Agora, para a versão corrigida da foto:

Em primeiro lugar, gostaria de salientar que acreditamos, como muitos historiadores, que Zerelda tinha 6 pés de altura. Está bem documentado. À primeira vista, ela parece ser mais baixa do que as pessoas ao seu redor, mas se você notar o terreno em que eles estão, parece ser inclinado, o que é provavelmente o resultado do solo acumulado ao redor da sepultura. Os pés de Jesse parecem estar entre 15 e 20 centímetros mais altos que os de Zerelda. Jesse tinha mais de 6 pés de altura (o que também foi bem documentado).

Nossa equipe concorda com a equipe da Phillips Collection no que diz respeito às identidades de Frank James e Zerelda James Samuel, portanto, não há necessidade, em minha opinião, de mostrar suas comparações neste momento. Portanto, irei às comparações das duas estrelas desta foto: Jesse James e Wood Hite.

Para a primeira comparação de fotos, começarei com Jesse James.

Observe o cabelo, o formato de seus olhos e nariz e a testa alta. Ele tem barba na foto do funeral e, claro, é mais jovem na foto à esquerda, mas acreditamos que seja Wood Hite no caixão.

Claro, não cabe a nós provar quem está no caixão, Betty Dorsett Duke já provou quem não era. Jesse James estava em seu funeral, mas ele não estava morto. A foto do funeral, cortesia da Phillips Collection, fornece mais provas de que Jesse James viveu e morreu no Texas aos 97 anos.


Ancestrais de Jesse James

Jesse James e seu irmão Frank foram notórios bandidos durante o apogeu do oeste americano.

Os irmãos James nasceram no Missouri, filhos de Robert e Zerelda (Cole) James. James nasceu em 5 de setembro de 1847 e seu irmão Alexander Franklin "Frank" James nasceu em 10 de janeiro de 1843. Seu pai morreu quando os meninos eram jovens e sua mãe se casou mais algumas vezes após sua morte.

Quantrill's Raiders e Bloody Bill Anderson

Durante a Guerra Civil, os irmãos James foram guerrilheiros confederados no Missouri. Frank juntou-se aos Raiders de Quantrill e, eventualmente, seguiu Quantrill para o Texas. Quando Frank voltou ao Missouri com um grupo de invasores, Jesse se juntou ao grupo.

Depois que o líder de seu grupo foi gravemente ferido, os irmãos se juntaram ao grupo de Bloody Bill Anderson. Os irmãos foram acusados ​​de cometer atrocidades contra as tropas da União quando supostamente participaram do Massacre da Centralia, onde os bushwackers de Anderson mataram ou feriram 22 soldados desarmados da União.

A gangue James-Younger

Após a Guerra Civil, os irmãos James assumiram o crime como os membros mais famosos da gangue James-Younger. A gangue cometeu assaltos a trens, assaltos a bancos e assassinato de 1866 até 1876, quando uma tentativa de roubo do banco de Northfield, Minnesota resultou na morte e captura de alguns membros da gangue. Enquanto Frank se aposentou do crime após essa tentativa, Jesse voltou ao crime formando uma nova gangue em 1879.

O fim veio para Jesse James em 3 de abril de 1882, quando um membro da gangue, Robert Ford, atirou em Jesse na nuca em uma tentativa de receber uma recompensa de US $ 10.000. A essa altura, Jesse havia se tornado o criminoso mais procurado da América.

Os ancestrais reais de Jesse James

Susanna Norwood é a 6ª bisavó do fora-da-lei Jesse James. Ela também é a chave para sua ascendência real por meio de seu pai, o capitão John Norwood, que veio da Inglaterra para a Virgínia por volta de 1650.

Harry Newman em seu "To Maryland from Overseas" afirma o seguinte sobre o capitão John Norwood:

Esta referência à pesquisa & ldquoprofessional & quot é o que liga o capitão John Norwood da Virgínia a Tyringham Norwood da Inglaterra. Harry Newman morreu pouco depois de publicar este relato e os detalhes relativos a esta pesquisa de 1961 aparentemente não foram publicados. Portanto, sem pesquisas adicionais, qualquer primo real ou parente famoso por meio do capitão John Norwood deve ser prefixado com o adjetivo & rdquoprobable. & Quot.


A foto de Jesse James com o assassino é real?

Jesse James tinha sobrevivido a tiroteios e dois tiros no peito, mas no final das contas ele não conseguiu sobreviver a um pouco de trabalho doméstico. Enquanto o infame fora da lei do Velho Oeste se endireitava e espanava um quadro pendurado na parede da sala de sua casa alugada em St. Joseph, Missouri, em 3 de abril de 1882, Robert Ford apareceu atrás dele e sacou seu revólver. Um novo recruta do James Gang que havia roubado bancos, diligências e trens em todo o Missouri e estados vizinhos, Ford puxou o gatilho e atirou fatalmente na nuca de James.

O quarto em que Jesse James foi baleado e morto em sua própria casa. (Crédito: Walter Sanders / Getty Images)

Agora, mais de 130 anos depois que Ford traiu seu colega de gangue pelo dinheiro da recompensa e um perdão governamental, uma fotografia de corpo inteiro que pretendia mostrar James sentado lado a lado com seu eventual assassino foi autenticada por um renomado artista forense. A fotografia do tipo lata sem data já esteve em poder de John e Pauline Higgins, um casal que abrigava membros do James Gang em sua casa de fazenda em Cedar County, Missouri, durante a década de 1870. A fotografia foi transmitida por cinco gerações da família até chegar às mãos de Sandra Mills, de 40 anos, que mora na zona rural de Washington.

Em uma entrevista para o Houston Chronicle, Mills disse que sua avó, Isabelle Klemann, contou a ela histórias sobre a conexão de seus ancestrais com a James Gang e manteve o tipo de lata embrulhado em um lenço na gaveta da cômoda. & # x201Este é Jesse James e o covarde Robert Ford, & # x201D Klemann contou a Mills sobre a fotografia, que ela legou à neta três anos antes de sua morte em 2006.

De acordo com Mills, Klemann esperava que sua neta pudesse vender a herança de família e comprar terras com os ganhos. No entanto, Mills descobriu que os colecionadores duvidavam da autenticidade da fotografia. & # x201CI & # x2019m apenas uma garota da fazenda, então ninguém queria ouvir, & # x201D ela disse ao Houston Chronicle. & # x201CNão temos respeito de ninguém. & # x201D

Foto do tipo Tin, supostamente de Jesse James (à direita) sentado ao lado de seu ex-parceiro e eventual assassino Robert Ford (à esquerda). (Crédito: Lois Gibson / https: //www.facebook.com/photo.php? Fbid = 10205954191792282 & ampset = a.10205954177311920.1073741833.1184473580 & amptype = 3 & amptheater)

No início deste ano, Mills pediu ajuda a Lois Gibson, uma das principais artistas forenses do país e analista do Departamento de Polícia de Houston. Ao longo de sua carreira de 33 anos, Gibson trabalhou em mais de 4.500 casos, e seus esboços baseados em depoimentos de testemunhas resultaram na identificação de mais de 1.200 indivíduos. O artista forense certificado também mergulhou no reino da história, identificando o marinheiro que beijou uma enfermeira na Times Square em uma fotografia icônica no final da Segunda Guerra Mundial, bem como autenticando uma fotografia rara de outro famoso fora-da-lei & # x2014Billy the Kid.

Mills enviou por e-mail uma varredura do tipo de lata para Gibson, que passou uma semana analisando os detalhes minuciosos dos dois homens retratados e comparando-os com fotos verificadas de James e Ford. Quando a artista forense transpôs quatro fotos de James para cima do homem no tipo de lata, ela descobriu que todas as características faciais & # x2014 desde a linha do cabelo ao formato da narina até a distância entre o nariz e o lábio superior & # x2014 eram iguais. Gibson até notou que as fotos de James mostram que seu olho esquerdo é maior e sua sobrancelha esquerda é mais longa do que as da direita, e o homem do tipo estanho exibe as mesmas ligeiras anomalias. & # x201Todos os recursos se alinham quase perfeitamente, & # x201D Gibson escreveu em sua página no Facebook. & # x201CO nariz, olhos, lábios, testa e queixo têm o mesmo tamanho, forma e posicionamento em relação aos outros recursos. & # x201D

Gibson também viu uma correlação entre o tipo de lata e outras fotografias de corpo inteiro de James sentado em uma cadeira que ia além dos estilos idênticos de camisa e calça. & # x201Estas fotos mostram um posicionamento notavelmente semelhante de mãos, braços e pernas & # x201D ela escreveu, observando que assuntos fotográficos nas décadas de 1870 e 1880 precisavam manter uma pose por um minuto inteiro. & # x201Esta posição natural do corpo tinha que ser confortável, que Jesse James repetisse caso precisasse ficar parado por tanto tempo novamente. & # x201D

Retrato do assassino americano Robert Ford exibindo o revólver que usou para matar o fora-da-lei Jesse James em 1882. (Crédito: Authenticated News / Getty Images)

O argumento decisivo para Gibson era a semelhança entre o homem sentado à esquerda na fotografia e o traidor do fora-da-lei e do # x2019. O fato de o homem sentado ao lado dele se parecer muito com um conhecido companheiro de crime, Robert Ford, & # x201D, escreveu ela.

Gibson disse ao Houston Chronicle que o projeto foi a identificação mais emocionante que ela já havia feito. & # x201Este é, simplesmente enorme, como encontrar um osso da perna do T-Rex, & # x201D, disse ela.

Pode ser necessário mais do que a declaração de Gibson & # x2019, no entanto, para convencer os colecionadores de que este tipo de lata é o verdadeiro negócio e que uma grande quantidade de dinheiro pode estar em jogo. A única fotografia autenticada de Billy the Kid foi vendida por US $ 2,3 milhões em um leilão de 2011, e Bobby Livingston, vice-presidente executivo da RR Auction, disse ao Houston Chronicle que o tipo de lata poderia ter um preço semelhante se autenticado. & # x201CIt & # x2019s atraente, & # x201D ele disse sobre as descobertas de Gibson & # x2019s, & # x201Cmas eu gostaria de ver muito mais análises. & # x201D

O forense, porém, não tem dúvidas sobre a identidade do homem do estanho. & # x201CI conheço rostos por dentro e por fora, e trabalhei exaustivamente nisso, & # x201D Gibson disse ao Houston Chronicle. & # x201CI tenho certeza de que & # x2019s Jesse James. & # x201D

James e # xA0Family falam

Dois retratos do fora da lei Jesse James. À esquerda está um retrato mais comumente aceito de Jesse James. A autenticidade do retrato à direita é contestada pelo James Preservation Trust. (Crédito: Kean Collection / Getty Images and Public Domain)

Eric James é um membro da família James que, juntamente com um dos bisnetos fora da lei & # x2019s, co-fundou o James Preservation Trust em 2002. Sua missão é arquivar e resolver questões de veracidade em relação à história da família e eles são entre os historiadores de Jesse James que discordam da autenticidade desta foto. Ele diz que o tipo de lata é apenas mais uma em uma longa linha de boatos relacionados ao líder da gangue.

James conta à HISTÓRIA que o trust recebe representações fotográficas de duas a quatro vezes por mês. Em uma longa postagem no Stray Leaves, o site oficial da família de Frank e Jesse James, ele diz que Mills o abordou em março de 2013 sobre o tipo de lata que supostamente trazia as imagens de Ford e James, que ele descobriu ser & # x201Cblatentemente falso. Eu disse a ela que isso não seria uma representação de nenhum dos dois homens & # x201D diz James.

Ao contestar as descobertas de Gibson & # x2019s, James observa que o tipo de lata que ela publicou está invertido da imagem apresentada a ele. & # x201Chat & # x2019s um no-no principal em qualquer autenticação científica, & # x201D diz ele. & # x201CNão & # x2019t adultere a imagem. & # x201D James também diz que algumas das fotografias que Gibson usou como base de comparação não são de todo autênticas, incluindo uma em que o homem apresentou como Jesse James & # x201C mostra uma imagem completa conjunto de dígitos ilesos & # x201D ao contrário do fora-da-lei, que tinha a ponta de um dedo faltando no indicador. & # x201CShe & # x2019s apenas comparando uma foto falsa com outra, & # x201D, diz ele.


Vida pessoal

Apesar de sua notável carreira como fabricante e empresário de motocicletas customizadas, às vezes James recebeu mais imprensa por sua turbulenta vida pessoal do que por suas realizações profissionais. James e sua primeira esposa, Karla, se casaram em 1991 e tiveram dois filhos, Chandler e Jesse Jr. Eles se divorciaram em 2002 e, no mesmo ano, James se casou com a atriz de filmes adultos Janine Lindemulder. Os dois tiveram uma filha, Sunny, antes de se divorciarem em 2004. Um ano depois, James se casou com Bullock. Eles ficaram juntos até 2010, quando seu casamento desmoronou em meio a um escândalo de tablóide.

Pouco depois de Bullock ganhar o Oscar de Melhor Atriz de 2010 por seu papel em O Lado Cego, surgiram rumores de que James tinha tido casos extraconjugais com a modelo Michelle McGee, entre outros. James admitiu os casos, ganhando a ira pública por sua traição ao amado Bullock. Pouco depois de a notícia de seus casos ter vindo à tona, a reputação de James sofreu um novo golpe quando uma fotografia apareceu mostrando James fazendo uma saudação nazista. James e Bullock se divorciaram em junho de 2010.

Um contrito James trabalhou para colocar sua vida e carreira de volta nos trilhos. Ele passou 30 dias em Sierra Tucson, um centro de reabilitação do Arizona, onde recebeu tratamento para controle da raiva, vício em sexo e como superar o abuso infantil. Questionado em uma entrevista sobre o que motivou sua recuperação, James respondeu: & quotUma visão de uma vida melhor e de um futuro melhor, se você puder apertar os olhos e visualizar isso, essa é a base para a recuperação. Quando posso apertar os olhos e ver crianças incríveis e felizes e eu como uma pessoa decente e a pessoa que deveria ser, então, quando posso sorrir e saber que está tudo bem, tudo vai ficar bem.

James teve um relacionamento intermitente com Kat Von D entre 2010 e 2011, e se casou com o piloto de arrancada Alexis DeJoria em 2013. Em março de 2020, James e DeJoria anunciaram sua separação.


Legends of America

Jesse James (parcialmente) se voltou para o crime como meio de se vingar de todas as coisas ianques & # 8212 Time-Life Books & # 8217 The Wild West

Jesse James era um fora-da-lei, ladrão de bancos e trens, guerrilheiro confederado durante a Guerra Civil e líder da Gangue James-Younger.

Quando Jesse James ainda estava vivo, a América já o amava, pois, nele, havia aventura em uma era monótona e científica que se transformava lentamente. No final do segundo século da América, o homem se rebelou contra uma sociedade da qual não gostava e se tornou um herói popular. Em meados da década de 1860, os jornalistas, ansiosos para entreter os orientais com contos do Velho Oeste, exageraram e romantizaram os assaltos da gangue. Jesse James foi anunciado como sendo o Robin Hood dos dias modernos porque foi dito que ele roubava dos ricos e era gentil com os pobres.

Na época, suas façanhas eram apreciadas por aqueles que não podiam fazer mais do que fantasiar sobre viver uma vida tão aventureira. Obviamente, isso continua sendo verdade hoje, já que milhares de pessoas estão intrigadas não apenas com Jesse James, mas também com os muitos bandidos que conquistaram a fronteira oeste.

No entanto, embora Jesse fosse muitas coisas, incluindo ser às vezes um homem gentil, se vestir bem e um encantador travesso, ele também era um assassino de sangue frio, ladrão, ladrão de cavalos e terrorista. Ele e sua gangue eram homens muito perigosos.

Os pais de Jesse James e # 8217, Robert Sallee James, e Zerelda Elizabeth Cole James eram originalmente de Stamping Ground, Kentucky, onde os dois se conheceram em uma reunião de avivamento. Casado em 28 de dezembro de 1841, Robert James continuou seus estudos e se formou no Georgetown College. Após a formatura de Robert, a jovem família mudou-se para a área de Centerville do Condado de Clay, Missouri. Centerville mais tarde seria conhecido como Kearney.

Com a ajuda dos vizinhos, Robert e Zerelda, & # 8220Zee ”, como era mais conhecida, construiu uma cabana de toras no deserto e começou a escavar uma fazenda. Robert se tornou pastor de uma pequena Igreja Batista fora de Kearney. O reverendo James era um homem muito querido e respeitado na comunidade que ajudou a fundar o William Jewel College em Liberty, Missouri. Zee, que tinha mais de um metro e oitenta de altura, era conhecida como uma agricultora trabalhadora e obstinada. Seu primeiro filho, Alexander Franklin & # 8220Frank ”James nasceu na fazenda da família em 10 de janeiro de 1843. Mais três filhos se seguiram rapidamente. Robert James Jr. nasceu na fazenda em 19 de julho de 1845, mas morreu 33 dias depois. Jesse Woodson James nasceu em 5 de setembro de 1847, e Susan Lavenia James nasceu em 25 de novembro de 1849.

No início de 1850, o reverendo James foi convidado para servir como capelão em uma carruagem de homens locais que se dirigiam para o oeste da Califórnia em busca de ouro. Em 12 de abril, ele deixou a fazenda aos cuidados de Zee e se dirigiu para o oeste com a intenção de pregar para as multidões de garimpeiros que ali se reuniam. O ministro nunca conseguiu voltar para o Missouri.

Pouco depois de chegar à Califórnia em 1º de agosto de 1850, o reverendo contraiu uma febre por beber água contaminada. Em 18 de agosto de 1850, o ministro morreu de cólera em um campo de ouro em Placerville, Califórnia, e foi enterrado em uma sepultura sem identificação.

Anos depois, Jesse iria em busca do lugar de descanso de seu pai, mas não teve sucesso. Zerelda herdou a fazenda, que continuou a possuir até sua própria morte, anos depois. Mas, por enquanto, ela era viúva, deixada com três filhos pequenos. Frank, o mais velho tinha sete anos quando seu pai morreu.

Benjamin Simms e Zerelda James Simms

Zerelda casou-se pela segunda vez com um homem chamado Benjamin Simms, um fazendeiro vizinho em 10 de setembro de 1852. O casamento foi infeliz, principalmente por causa do comportamento de Simms com os dois meninos. Sua falta de afeto por eles e o uso de castigos corporais que Zerelda não aprovava resultaram no fracasso do casamento. Zee era uma mulher de opiniões fortes que protegia ferozmente os filhos contra críticas. Após uma série de discussões entre o casal, Zerelda deu início a procedimentos de divórcio, uma atitude incomum para a época. Isso não se mostrou necessário desde que Simms foi morto em 2 de janeiro de 1854, em um acidente com um cavalo.

Um terceiro casamento com o Dr. Archie Reuben Samuel ocorreu em 1855. O médico era abastado, dócil e permitia que sua esposa tomasse as decisões familiares importantes. Quando se tratava dos filhos, Zê tomava todas as decisões. Dr. Samuels comprou propriedades adjacentes adicionais e as propriedades de James cresceram. A família comprou escravos para ajudá-los no funcionamento da fazenda.

Em sua juventude, dizia-se que Frank era um menino taciturno e retraído que lia a Bíblia. Ele desenvolveu um interesse pela considerável biblioteca de seu falecido pai, particularmente pelas obras de William Shakespeare. Frank queria ser professor de escola. Muito pelo contrário, Jesse era descrito como generoso, de coração nobre e assertivo, com um charme travesso. O Dr. Samuel ensinou os meninos a cavalgar e atirar. Os dois meninos trabalharam na fazenda durante a adolescência, desfrutando de uma vida familiar normal.

Frank James quando jovem

Em 1861, quando Frank completou 18 anos, qualquer pensamento de buscar uma educação superior chegou ao fim quando o Missouri se tornou repleto de conflitos e violência da Guerra Civil. Missouri foi dividido em duas direções - a maioria dos colonos do estado veio do sul, mas sua economia estava ligada diretamente ao norte.

Embora o Missouri tenha votado contra a separação da União, havia um número significativo de pessoas com simpatias dos confederados no estado, o que levou à formação de dois governos separados com lealdades diferentes. A família James, tanto do lado paterno quanto materno, foi proprietária de escravos durante anos, o que formou sua lealdade. Os moradores do Missouri serviriam nos exércitos de ambos os lados da guerra até o seu fim em 1865 Frank se juntou à Guarda do Estado de Missouri em 4 de maio de 1861, lutando pela Confederação.

Em 1862, o filho ilegítimo do Dr. Archie Reuban Samuel nasceu fora do casamento com um dos escravos. O menino mulato foi criado na família Samuel.

Enquanto estava na Guarda Estadual de Missouri, Frank serviu na Batalha de Lexington, onde cerca de 1.774 soldados da União perderam a vida. Uma grande vitória da Guarda Estadual, os confederados assumiram o controle do sudoeste do Missouri em outubro de 1861.

Em algum momento, após a batalha, Frank voltou para casa, provavelmente por causa de um ferimento ou doença. Lá, ele foi preso por uma milícia local de simpatizantes do sindicato. Ele foi libertado quando assinou uma declaração de lealdade ao sindicato. Mas em julho de 1862 ele se juntou ao Missouri Partisan Rangers de William Clark Quantrill. Quantrill e # 8217s Raiders eram apoiadores da Confederação que usavam táticas de Guerrilha. Eles estavam ativos na Guerra da Fronteira entre Missouri e Kansas e estavam atacando tanto o exército regular da União quanto várias milícias de apoiadores da União ativas nos dois estados.

Os ataques de Quantrill & # 8217s ganharam a atenção de outros desesperados. Em 1863, Quantrill recrutou outros que se juntaram à sua empresa, incluindo & # 8220Bloody ”Bill Anderson, os irmãos James e os irmãos mais novos. No verão de 1863, Quantrill estabeleceu seus locais em Lawrence, Kansas & # 8211, o local de sua destruição mais infame.

Cedo na manhã de 21 de agosto de 1863, Quantrill junto com sua força assassina de cerca de 300 pessoas, desceu sobre a ainda adormecida cidade de Lawrence. Enfurecido com a cidade-sede do estado livre, Quantrill partiu para sua vingança contra a comunidade Jayhawker.

Nessa incursão cuidadosamente orquestrada pela manhã, ele e sua banda, em quatro horas terríveis, transformaram a cidade em um inferno sangrento e ardente, sem paralelo em sua brutalidade. Quantrill e sua turba de invasores bushwhacker começaram seu reinado de terror às 5:00 da manhã, saqueando e queimando enquanto avançavam, empenhados na destruição total da cidade, então com menos de 3.000 residentes.

Quando tudo acabou, eles haviam matado aproximadamente 180 homens e deixaram para Lawrence nada mais do que ruínas fumegantes. Frank James e Cole Younger estavam com Quantrill durante o ataque. Embora não haja evidências de que Jesse estava com o grupo assassino, ele teria se gabado disso mais tarde. O conflito é conhecido como Massacre de Lawrence.

Apenas três meses após o ataque de Lawrence, um grupo de soldados da União invadiu a fazenda Samuel em busca de informações sobre a localização do acampamento de Quantrill & # 8217. Jesse, que tinha apenas quinze anos na época, foi questionado e depois chicoteado quando se recusou a responder às perguntas dos soldados.

Dr. Samuel, que também negou saber onde o acampamento dos invasores & # 8217 estava localizado, foi arrastado de sua casa e repetidamente enforcado em uma árvore no quintal. De alguma forma, o médico conseguiu sobreviver ao interrogatório.

No doubt out of hatred and anger over this event, Jesse joined “Bloody” Bill Anderson’s guerrilla forces at the age of sixteen. “Bloody Bill” was a Quantrill lieutenant who led a raid on Centralia, Missouri on September 27, 1864. More than 100 armed guerillas descended upon Centralia, a community of fewer than 100 people, intent upon robbing the train. While waiting for the train, they terrorized local civilians, robbing, and burning stores and killing a civilian who had attempted to defend a young woman. The stage from Columbia came into the community and they robbed the passengers.

When the train finally arrived, twenty-four unarmed and wounded Union soldiers were dragged from the train by the frenzied ruffians and were murdered in front of the horrified citizens of the town. The guerrillas then set fire to the Centralia depot, sacked and set fire to the train and then sent it on its way, west, with no crew aboard, to later crash and be destroyed.

The band of guerrillas was followed by an experienced Federal Infantry, led by Union Major A.V.E. Johnson. About three miles south of Centralia, Missouri the Union forces were bushwhacked by the band and were nearly annihilated. Over 120 federal troops were killed. Only three of the guerrilla forces were reported to have been killed in the battle.

Both Frank and Jesse were part of the battle south of Centralia, though it is disputed that they took part in the massacre of unarmed soldiers earlier in the day. Jesse is said to have killed Union Major Johnson and is “credited” with taking the lives of seven other men on that tragic day.

In late the spring of 1865, Jesse rode into Lexington, Missouri carrying a white flag. He was shot in the chest when he attempted to surrender by occupying Union troops. Afterward, he went to Rulo, Nebraska to recuperate from his wound before returning to Missouri.

The vicious violence of the Civil War had taken its toll upon Missouri. A total of 1,162 battles and skirmishes were fought in the state during the official years of the Civil War, a total exceeded only by Virginia and Tennessee.

Though the James family were slave owners, they were said to have been kind to their slaves, often allowing the children to sleep in the main house. When the war was over, the former slaves remained at the farm long after they were set free.

Jesse was living in Kansas City, Missouri with his aunt in 1865, when he fell in love with his cousin, Zerelda Mimms. Zerelda’s mother was the sister of Robert James, Jesse James’ father, making them first cousins. Zee, as she was more familiarly called, was actually named for Jesse’s mother. This however, did not stop the pair from beginning to court.

He was known as a very reliable young man, always dressing well, reading his bible and regularly attending church. He never swore or took the Lord’s name in vain, preferring when he was angry to make up his own swear words. His favorite was “Dingus”, which his brother Frank quickly nicknamed him.

With the bloody war finally over, Frank and Jesse turned to outlawry. Claiming to have been forced into a life of crime because the family had been persecuted during the war, Frank and Jesse became the leaders of a band of outlaws which included the Younger Brothers, Jim Reed, and other ex-Confederates.

Jesse justified much of his actions by his hatred of the Industrial North, feeling as if he were continuing the fight through his outlaw activities. Beginning in 1866, the gang robbed their way across the western frontier for the next fifteen years.

The first James-Younger bank robbery occurred on February 13, 1866, at the Clay County Saving Association Bank in Liberty, Missouri. The first daylight robbery during peacetime, the gang made off with over $60,000 in cash and bonds in bonds. As they made their escape, gunfire erupted and an innocent 17-year-old boy, by the name of George Wymore, was killed.

For the next several years, the gang continued in their crime spree robbing 8 more banks and a Kansas City Ticket office before robbing their first train. (See the list of banks on the James Gang Timeline.)

Not limiting who they robbed or killed, sometimes innocent bystanders were wounded or lost their lives while witnessing one of their crimes. During these years, the gang was constantly trailed by the Pinkerton Detective Agency.

Despite their criminal and often violent acts, James and his partners were much adored. In 1866 and 1867 John Newman contributed to the fame of the outlaws by writing glorifying articles and “dime novels.” Journalists, eager to entertain Easterners with tales of a wild West, exaggerated and romanticized the gang’s heists, often casting James as a contemporary Robin Hood. While James did harass railroad executives who unjustly seized private land for the railways, modern biographers note that he did so for personal gain. Any humanitarian acts were more fiction than fact.

In fact, they could be ruthless. On December 7, 1869, the gang held up the Davies County Savings Bank in Gallatin, Missouri. The teller, a man by the name of John Sheets, was a former Union officer who was said to have been involved in the death of “Bloody” Bill Anderson. Jesse hated him and shot the man in the back of the head. When clerk William McDowell ran for the door, he too was shot but survived the whole affair. Making off with only $700, a $3,000 reward was placed on their heads.

By the early 1870s, robbing banks was getting riskier as banks increased their security with time lock vaults. But that didn’t slow down the gang – they turned to stagecoach and train robbery.

The James-Younger Gang robbed their first train near Adair, Iowa on July 21, 1873. During the robbery, they wrecked the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad Train and overturned the engine. The train engineer died in the accident and the gang made off with $3,000 from passengers and funds retrieved from the express car.

By 1874 Jesse’s crimes were a chief issue in Missouri’s campaign: whether or not to suppress outlawry so that “capital and immigration can once again enter our state.” But nothing was done his raids continued.

After nine years of courtship, Jesse James married Zerelda Mimms, on April 24, 1874. The wedding ceremony was performed by Methodist Minister William James, Jesse’s uncle and held in Kansas City. While honeymooning with his bride Zee on the Gulf of Mexico at Galveston, Texas, a reporter from the St. Louis Dispatch, did what the Pinkertons had failed to do, track down Jesse.

In June of 1874, Frank married Annie Ralston in Omaha, Nebraska. Though the brothers settled down for a time with their new brides, the gang was blamed for almost every bank, stagecoach, or train robbery that occurred almost anywhere in the west. Zerelda, the ever protective mother, began her own public relations campaign, spreading the folksy tales of the James gang and their roles as Robin Hood figures, stealing from the rich and giving to the poor.

James Home in Kearney, Missouri by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

By 1875, Alan Pinkerton had become infuriated by the agency’s failure to arrest even a single member of the gang. The agency had been hired in 1871 by several bankers and railroad owners to track down the deadly James-Younger Gang. In January 1875 a Pinkerton agent Jack Ladd was posing as a field hand at work on the farm across the road from the James Farm. The farm, belonging to neighbor Dan Askew, served as a hideout for the Pinkerton spy. One afternoon, the agent thought he spotted Jesse and Frank at the farmhouse, though actually the brothers were miles away.

On January 26, six Pinkerton reinforcements surrounded the farmhouse and tossed a smoke bomb into the house, in an attempt to lure them out.

However, Archie Samuel, thinking it was a loose stick from the fire, tossed it “back” into the fireplace and the “bomb” exploded. The blast killed the young boy and wounded Zerelda’s hand so badly she later had to have it amputated.

Contemporary newspaper reports of the time simply reported the device as a “bomb” and the public was incensed. However, the public wasn’t the only ones who were angry. On April 12, 1875, Dan Askew, the neighbor who had sheltered Jack Ladd, the Pinkerton Spy, was found with a bullet in his brain at his home. Later in the same month, Jack Ladd was also found shot and killed.

After moving around for a while, Jesse and Zee welcomed their first child – Jesse Edward on August 31, 1875, on a leased farm near Waverly, Missouri. Jesse and Zee used the aliases, Thomas and Mary Howard. Jesse dyed his light-colored hair dark and grew a beard to conceal his real identity while laying low for many months, and took to farming with his wife. But, not for long. It was at this farm where the plans for the Northfield Minnesota Raid were devised.

The James Brothers, the three Younger Brothers, two Quantrill veterans named Clell Miller and Charlie Pitts and a local outlaw named Bill Chadwell all traveled north, lured by Chadwell’s tales of easy pickings in his home state. Right down Jesse’s alley, he liked the idea of taking on a northern bank. Planning on making Mankato their first target, Jesse was recognized and they quickly left town.

Northfield, Minnesota Raid

Riding in pairs, they headed for Northfield, 50 miles to the northeast. Meeting on the outskirts of town on September 6, 1876, they cased the First National Bank, making plans to rob it first thing in the morning.

Two days before Jesse’s 29th birthday, on September 7, 1876, the James-Younger Gang attempted to rob the First National Bank of Northfield, Minnesota. The attempted robbery was to be the demise of the infamous James-Younger Gang. When ordered to open the safe, bank cashier, Heyman, refused to do so and ducked down.

Angered, Jesse put a pistol to his head and shot him. The shot was heard beyond the bank and when the bank alarm began to go off the Northfield citizens opened fire upon the gang. Charley Pitts and Bill Chadwell were killed. Cole, Jim and Bob Younger were badly wounded but managed to escape. However, they were captured just one week later, just east of Mankato. The Younger Brothers were sentenced to life terms in prison. Frank and Jesse escaped back to Missouri, unharmed.

On February 6, 1878, Frank and Annie James give birth to Robert James and on June 17, 1879, Jesse and Zee gave birth to a daughter they named Mary Susan who was born in Nashville, Tennessee where Jesse and Zee stayed with Frank and Annie for a time.

With new gang members, the robberies continued over the next several years including a stage hold-up near Mammoth Cave, Kentucky and a bank robbery in Muscle Shoals, Alabama, and a train robbery in Winston, Missouri.

Jesse James Home in St. Joseph, Missouri

Shortly after the gang’s last train robbery on September 7, 1881, at Glendale, Missouri, Jesse moved his family to St. Joseph, Missouri. Renting a house on 1318 Lafayette Street on December 24, 1881, the family settled in under Jesse’s assumed name of Tom Howard. With a $10,000 reward over his head, Zee tried to get Jesse to take on a more normal life. And Jesse agreed, right after one last great bank robbery in Platte County, Missouri. Jesse had finally decided to retire, hopefully with enough money to become a gentleman farmer.

Planning the robbery with Bob and Charles Ford, whom Jesse had worked with in the past, the Ford brothers visited the James home in St. Joseph on the morning of April 3, 1882. Outlining his plans for the robbery with Bob and Charles in the parlor of his home, Jesse noticed that a framed needlepoint picture, done by his mother, was hanging crookedly on the wall. Standing on a chair to adjust the picture, Jesse turned slightly as he heard the sound of Bob Ford’s cocked pistol. Bob shot Jesse just below the right ear and Jesse toppled to the floor dead. Jesse was 34 years old.

At the sound of the gunshot, the children ran into the room, being the first to reach him. Zee followed, trying desperately to stop the blood. Bob Ford was already out the door and Charles spent a few moments trying to tell her how the gun had gone off accidentally. Then, he too, made a quick exit, running after his brother.

Robert Ford killed James for two reasons. The first was that Ford had killed a man by the name of Wood Hite in January of 1882. When word of the shooting resulted in Ford’s arrest he informed the officers that he had access to the much wanted Jesse James. In a deal made secretly with Governor Thomas T. Crittenden, the governor promised Ford a pardon for the Hite murder if he would kill James. There was also a $10,000 reward on Jesse’s head that Ford hoped to collect.

After his death, Jesse was packed on ice and taken by train to Kearney, where he was displayed and viewed by hundreds of friends, admirers, and curiosity seekers. Later he was buried on the family farm in a plot near the house so that Zerelda could keep an eye out for trespassers or souvenir hunters. His tombstone read: “In Loving Memory of My Beloved Son, Murdered by a Traitor and Coward whose name is not worthy to appear here.”

Jesse James’ mother Zerelda, at his grave on the James Farm

Initially, Ford was charged with murdering both Wood Hite and Jesse James, but true to his word Governor Crittenden pardoned him while he stood trial for the murder. As to the money, he received only a fraction of the reward. Returning to their hometown of Richmond, Missouri, Bob, and Charles were not greeted kindly and residents found the killing of Jesse James so distasteful that they made life unbearable for the two brothers.

Charles Ford fled Richmond when he heard that Frank James was searching for them to kill them in revenge for his brother’s death. Charles kept running from town to town for the next two years, changing his name several times. He finally committed suicide in 1884.

In the meantime, Bob Ford was capitalizing on his betrayal of Jesse James, taking to the stage, appearing in an act entitled Outlaws of Missouri.

Night after night, Ford retold his story, carefully omitting that he had shot James in the back. But, this charade was short-lived as he was greeted with catcalls, jeers, hoots, and challenges. Ford later took off to Las Vegas, New Mexico and then Creede, Colorado, where he was shot down in his own saloon on June 8, 1892.

During their 15-year crime spree, the James-Younger Gang committed 26 holdups making off with more than $200,000 and killed at least seventeen men.

On October 4, 1882, Frank James surrendered to Missouri Governor Thomas Crittendon. The 39-year-old bandit marched into the governor’s office and took off his gun belt, placing it before Crittenden and saying: “Governor Crittenden, I want to hand over to you that which no living man except myself has been permitted to touch since 1861.” Frank was tired of the outlaw life – of being hunted for over twenty years, of living in a saddle, of knowing no peace.

Universal sympathy for Frank James and his family was exhibited by the public. After a number of long trials, Frank was acquitted on all counts. Returning home to the James Farm, he took up a number of peaceful pursuits, working as a horse trainer and a racetrack starter.

Jesse’s mother, Zerelda, allowed tourists to view the grave of her son for 25 cents and sold rocks from his grave. Legend has it that when the rock supply ran low, she simply restocked from the river. She also gave paid tours of the farm shortly after Jesse’s death, a practice that was continued by Frank in later years.

Zee James, who had suffered from deep depression after her husband’s death, died in 1900.

Later, when Zerelda could no longer live alone, her son’s body was moved to the Mount Olivet Cemetery in Kearney, Missouri and placed next to his wife on July 29, 1902. Frank James was present at the re-burial of his brother.

In 1903 Frank James appeared in a small Wild West show with his friend Cole Younger, who had been released from prison in 1901.

Zerelda James at her Farm

On February 10, 1911, Zerelda Samuel, after visiting Frank and Annie at their home in Oklahoma, suffered a heart attack on the train back to Kearney at the age of 86. She is buried at the Mt. Olivet Cemetery next to sons Jesse and Archie, husband Reuben, and daughter-in-law Zee.

Frank James, at the age of 72, died from natural causes at the James Farm on February 18, 1915. His wife Annie Ralston James spent her widowhood at the farm.


Jesse James Home

Notorious outlaw Jesse James was shot and killed in this house on April 3, 1882. He was killed by Bob Ford, a member of the James gang, to collect a $10,000 reward offered by Governor Tom Crittenden.

Jesse died at the age of 34 after living a lawless career for 16 years. He was living with his wife and two children under the assumed name of Tom Howard at the time of his death.

Jesse was shot from behind while he stood on a chair to straighten a picture in his own home. After the shooting, Jesse's wife and two children and his mother, Mrs. Zerelda Samuel, spent the next two nights at Patee House, which was then called the World's Hotel.


Experiência Americana

Young Jesse James, 1882. Library of Congress

A teenager when he rode off to join Confederate guerrillas in 1864, Jesse James never really stopped fighting the Civil War. Unable to accept the defeat of the secessionist cause, Jesse trained his fury on banks, trains and stagecoaches. He fancied himself a modern Robin Hood, robbing from Radical Republicans and giving to the poor. But the myth hid the darker reality of a repeat murderer whose need for attention kept him committing crimes long after the cause he championed was gone.

Slave-Owning Family
Jesse was born in Clay County, Missouri, on September 5, 1847, to Zerelda and Robert James, hemp farmers who owned six slaves. When the Civil War came, young Jesse watched his older brother Frank march off to fight for the rebellion — and likely chafed that he himself was too young to go.

Confederate Fighters
Frank's activities with a band of pro-Confederate guerrillas brought the wrath of Union militiamen to the James family. Jesse was roughed up and his stepfather tortured for information. This may have been the spark that set off Jesse's flame. In the spring of 1864, the lanky 16-year-old with sharp blue eyes joined a bloodthirsty guerrilla group led by "Bloody Bill" Anderson. They terrorized pro-Union enemies in the Missouri countryside. Still an impressionable teenager, Jesse participated in multiple atrocities, including the notorious Centralia massacre, in which 22 unarmed Union soldiers and a hundred other Union soldiers were butchered. These experiences helped define the man he would become.

Bold Robbers
Many, if not most, of the guerrillas returned to civilian life after the war ended, putting down their weapons and picking up their plows. But Jesse and Frank James felt no peace. The humiliation of Confederate defeat still gnawed at them, and the disenfranchisement of most ex-Confederates by the victorious Radical Republicans made Jesse feel like a victim. He chose to continue fighting, targeting a bank in Gallatin, Missouri, thought to be run by the man who had killed Bill Anderson. On December 7, 1869, Jesse and Frank rode in during daylight, shot an unarmed cashier, and made off with some worthless paper. They made a daring escape through the midst of a posse sent to capture them. Later they declared that "they would never be taken alive." For the first time, the newspapers mentioned Jesse James and he loved the attention. Soon he began tailoring his robberies to attract as much of it as possible, even leaving press releases behind.

The Legend Begins
Aided by an ex-Confederate soldier and newspaper editor named John Newman Edwards, Jesse began constructing a myth of himself as a heroic Southern fighter, a noble Robin Hood who helped poor Missourians crushed under the weight of Republican outrages. In letters that Edwards published, Jesse simultaneously proclaimed innocence for specific crimes while wearing the general outlaw's mantle. "We are not thieves," he wrote, "we are bold robbers. I am proud of the name, for Alexander the Great was a bold robber, and Julius Caesar, and Napoleon Bonaparte." It was indeed the stuff of legend while Jesse certainly stole from the rich, there was no evidence he ever actually gave his gains to the poor.

Northfield
During the early 1870s, Jesse and his gang robbed banks, stagecoaches, and trains with near impunity. Sheltered by Confederate sympathizers, they eluded authorities again and again. Perhaps Jesse began to believe in his own invulnerability, because in September 1876 he badly overreached, attempting a bank robbery in Northfield, Minnesota, some 500 hundred miles from his normal base of operations. The robbery was a disaster. The townsfolk had no tolerance for former rebels — they killed two of the robbers then and there, and hunted down the others. Only Jesse and Frank escaped, but they were forced to live in Tennessee under assumed names.

Gunned Down
Frank began to enjoy the quiet life, but Jesse was restless, unable to settle down with his wife Zee and son Jesse. He tried various moneymaking schemes, bought race horses -- but none of it quenched his thirst for the spotlight. Jesse returned to crime in 1879, but by then ex-Confederates had taken over Missouri's political reins, and the public had little patience for his banditry. Jesse's new gang, none of them ex-soldiers, were in it for the money, not the cause, and one of them happily conspired with Missouri's governor to hunt the outlaw down and collect a $10,000 reward. On April 3, 1882, Jesse got a bullet in the back of the head. He died with few allies, but in later years the myth surrounding him grew so strong that it eventually crowded out the inconvenient truths of his own murderous life.


Kentucky Genealogy Trails


Robert Ford and Jesse James

Robert Sallee James was a Baptist preacher in Western Missouri. He was born July 17, 1818 in Logan County Kentucky, a place called Lickskillet on the Whippoorwill Creek. . His family was one of the old families of Logan County Kentucky.

He was the son of John and Mary Poore James, both natives of Virginia, but very early settlers of Logan County, Kentucky. Robert was one of nine children, five sons and four daughters. The five sons were as follows: Wm. James (1811), John James (1815), Robert S. James (1818), Thomas M. James (1823), Drury Woodson James (1825) Mary James (1809) m John Mimms, Elizabeth James (1816) m Tillman West, Nancy James (1830) m George Hite, Mary Elizabeth James (1827) m John R. (Hugh) Cohorn. Mary Elizabeth mother, Mary (Poore) James died the following day after she was born. A neighbor, Mary Elizabeth Hendricks (who had lost her child one week before), breast fed the new infant girl a few weeks until she became very healthy and continued to raise her as her own until she was married. The name “Mary Elizabeth” came from three sources, the names of her two older sisters, so she may always remember them, her mother, Mary and her godmother's name, Mary Elizabeth Hendricks who raised her to adulthood. (Facts obtained from the old Hendrick-Newton bible, on record at the James Museum, Kearney, MO.)

Was a graduate of Georgetown, Kentucky College having completed all requirements of the four-year classical course, on June 29, 1843. His degree was the Bachelor of Arts. According to faculty records, final examination for the senior class was taken on May 24, 1843. Robert is listed as having tied for third place honors in the class. For his accomplishment, he was awarded the opportunity to present an oration at the commencement exercises. All associates who knew him spoke of him as a kindly man of God. So convincing as a Minister one would remember his sermons the rest of their life. He was an educator, gifted orator, and a successful farmer.

He married Miss Zerelda Cole, one year before he graduated from college. . They met at a religious gathering. Her family was from Lexington, Kentucky and she was educated in a Catholic convent (St. Catherine's Female School )in that city. The Cole family was of Revolutionary stock and her grandfather was a soldier in the Revolutionary War.

She was born January 29, 1825 in Woodford County Kentucky at her Grandfather's (Richard Cole Jr.) Black Horse Inn. The brick portion was attached to the Inn in 1799. It was the living quarters of her father James Cole, born September 8, 1804 to February 27, 1827 and her mother Sarah (Sallie) Lindsay (4-15-1803 to 10-12-1851). She was the daughter of Anthony and Alsey (Cole) Lindsay. Alsey was the daughter of Richard Cole Sr. being James Cole's Aunt.

The Cole family had come from Pennsylvania through Virginia to Kentucky. Richard Cole Sr. helped to survey with Humphrey Marshall “The Vacant Lands”, where Frankfort is now located in June and July of 1785. He later settled in Woodford County near what is now the town of Midway and Leestown Pike. He bought a large track of land from Hancock Lee. Hancock's son, Maj. John Lee helped in the settlement of Versailles, KY. Richard Cole Sr. operated a Tavern by the name, “Cole's Inn,” located on Cole's Road.

Richard Cole Jr. (4-23-1763 to 7-9-1839) married Sally Yates. He was a wealthy farmer operated the Black Horse Inn he was one of the first constables of Woodford County and was commissioned Lieutenant in the Woodford Light Infantry Company, November 10, 1796.

There were striking similarity in the personalities of Richard and his granddaughter Zerelda, they had strong personalities, blunt acceptance of facts pleasant or unpleasant, high courage and almost fanatical loyalty to their families. They were friends to be desired and enemies to be feared and avoided. Richard Cole Junior's latter days were marred by violent and tragic events, which did not cease with his death but continued to plague his family unto “the third and forth generation.”

Richard and Sallie's children were:
William Cole, Mary Cole, Elizabeth Cole, Sally Cole, Jesse Cole, and Amos Cole who were killed in a fight at Black Horse Inn 1827. James Cole (2-8-1804 to 9-27-1833) was married to his first cousin Sally Lindsay. She had only two children before his death. It is said he died after being thrown from a horse. Zerelda was then only two years old, she continued to live at the Black Horse Inn with her grandfather as guardian. After James death her mother married again to Robert Thomason whom Zerelda did not favor. According to members of the family Zerelda “hated” Robert Thomason and became a favorite to her Grandfather, Richard Cole Jr. who gave her the proper education and training to become a lady of prominence. When Sally and Robert moved to Clay County Mo. Zerelda did not accompany them, instead she went to live with her Uncle James M. Lindsay, at Stamping Ground, Scott Co. Ky

By the time school ended in the spring of 1841 Robert James and Zerelda were not speaking. Most young men in those days had strong beliefs that a woman should be silent and not express their political thoughts. Zerelda was of the Cole and Lindsay Families, who had been famous for their courageous deeds during the Revolutionary War. She inherited these same traits, and with her education it made her unwilling to comply with his wishes. But three days later before fall 1841, the desire and love for Zerelda was too strong, Robert proposed to her and they were married December 28, 1841 at the home of Uncle Judge James Madison Lindsay, in Stamping Ground, Kentucky. He was 23 and she was 17 years old. The house is still standing and presently owned by Marguerite Sprague on Locust Fork Pike, Scott County.

The following August they left for Clay County, Missouri, to visit her mother Sarah, and her step-dad Robert Thomason. He returned to Georgetown leaving alone his pregnant wife with her mother. His desire was to finish his final year of theological training and return home by next Christmas, but the Missouri River was frozen the poor roads were treacherous, so it was spring after he had graduated before he arrived at Kearney, to reunite with his wife and a new son born January 10, 1843, Alexander Franklin James. He later returned to Georgetown College in 1848 where he received his Masters Degree. He then decided to settle in Clay County where he purchased a farm from Asa W. Thomason, near Centerville, a town which later changed it's name to Kearney. The farm had no house and they built a cabin during the next spring. Robert bought two slaves. He combined farming and preaching to make a living. He founded the Baptist churches at New Hope and Providence.

In 1851, he went to California. Jesse was only 4 years old at this time. He went in order to get money to educate his children. The trip lasted from April 21 to August 1, 3 months. Robert died 18 days after arriving in California. and is buried there. He died August 18, 1850 near Placerville El Dorado California.

Seus filhos eram:
Alexander Franklin James (Frank) - born Jan. 10, 1844
Robert James - born July 19, 1845 - he died in infancy
Jesse Woodson James - born Sept. 5, 1847 - died April 3, 1882
Susan L. James - born Nov. 25, 1849. She married on Nov. 11, 1870 to Allen H. Palmer. She died in 1889.

Zerelda James remained a widow for four (4) years, and then she was married to a Mr. Sims, who died. She then married Dr. Reuben Samuels in 1855.

Seus filhos eram:
Sarah L. Samuels - born Dec. 26, 1858. She was married on Nov. 28, 1878 to William Nicholson.
John T. Samuels - born May 25, 1861. He married on July 22, 1885 to Norma L. Maret.
Fannie Quantrell Samuels - born Oct. 18, 1863. She married on Dec. 30, 1880 to Joseph Hall.
Archie Payton Samuels - born July 26, 1866. He was murdered by Pinkerton detectives on Jan. 26, 1875.

Dr. Samuels and Zerelda lived in a neighborhood of Northern sympathizers, of course Dr. Samuels and Zerelda were Southern sympathizers, which lead to cruelty towards their family. Dr. Samuels was hung up three times because he did not know the whereabout of Quantrell's band. Jesse was in the fields working at this time. The Militia went to the fields and whipped Jesse up and down the rows of corn and then took him to the barn where they were torturing his step-father. The Militia then went to the house and confronted Mrs. Samuels (Mrs. Robert James) at gun point. They then took Mrs. Samuels and her daughter to jail at St. Joseph and imprisoned them for 25 days. Jesse James decided after this incident that he would not allow the militia, lawmen, or anyone else to treat him that way again. It is no wonder that Jesse joined the Quantrell's gang after his family was beaten, imprisoned, tortured, persecuted at every turn and driven from home.
Legend said that the two brothers were brutal murders and came from an illiterate family. The brothers robbed banks and stole from the railroads because those institutions were forcing people into poverty, raised grain prices which forced farmers to sell their farms. Jesse came to their aid. As far as being illiterate, there are alot of letters written by Frank and Jesse that were well written.


Jesse W. James
I hereby certifgy that the above is the the only ___ photograph of my deceased husband, taken before death.
Mrs. Jesse W. James


Out of all the iconic love stories in Hollywood, we can’t forget about Sandra Bullock and her ex-husband, Jesse James. A timeline of the former couple’s romance proves their relationship was filled with highs, lows and plenty of memories.

o Blind Side star and the Monster Garage host first met in 2003. After hitting it off, Sandra and Jesse started dating and quickly fell in love. The Hollywood stars were married by 2005.

Throughout the first few years of their marriage, Sandra and her handsome hunk looked happier than ever as they attended red carpet events together. Jesse also supported his successful spouse as she won countless awards thanks to her incredible talents as an actress.

It was Sandra, however, who praised her hubby for standing by her side as she accepted the Academy Award for Best Actress in 2010. “To my husband, there is no surprise that my work got better when I met you because I never knew what it felt like for someone to have my back,” she gushed on stage.

Sadly, the Velocidade alum and Jesse’s relationship started to crumble when reports of multiple alleged affairs surfaced that same year. After just months of public scrutiny, the Miss Congeniality actress filed for divorce. Around the same time, she adopted her eldest son, Louis.

Looking back, Sandra “never thought she’d get past the heartbreaking and humiliating breakup with Jesse,” a friend close to the Proposal star told Closer Weekly in December 2019. “Sandra has been through hell.”

Fortunately, that all changed when she crossed paths with her current beau, Bryan Randall, in 2015. “Meeting him was literally a godsend,” the insider sweetly added.

Aside from sharing one of the “most solid” bonds in Hollywood, Sandra and Bryan are also crushing it at raising the brunette beauty’s son, Louis, as well as her daughter, Laila, whom she adopted in 2015.

“The kids are growing up so fast and Bryan couldn’t be more involved in their upbringing,” a separate source told Closer. “The kids adore Bryan and of course, Sandra still pinches herself that she’s been so lucky finding Bryan.”

Fans can’t wait for the day the lovebirds finally tie the knot!

In the meantime, scroll through the gallery below to see a timeline of Sandra and Jesse’s relationship over the years.

The former couple met when Sandra arranged for her then-10-year-old godson to meet Jesse for his birthday back in late 2003. At the time, they took a tour of Jesse’s garage, West Coast Choppers, because the youngster was a fan of the show Monster Garage. It was there that sparks flew between the two.

After dating for about two years, Sandra and the motorcycle guru made their love official. On July 16, 2005, the lovers tied the knot in a romantic ceremony in California.

When she married Jesse, Sandra became the loving mom of his three kids, Jesse James Jr., Chandler James e Sunny James, from previous relationships. During a press conference promoting Premonition in 2007, Sandra made a rare comment about being a stepmom.

“Here’s the thing, I have children. I married into children. I love those children. My concern and my love for those kids as a coparent is no less than if I had that child biologically,” she once said. “I don’t see the difference between that and having your own child biologically. I feel for the children I have in my life and I would not change that.”

Four years into their marriage, the American entrepreneur and Sandra were granted full custody of Jesse’s daughter Sunny. This came after a months-long custody battle with Jesse’s ex-wife Janine Lindemulder, with whom he shares his youngest daughter. Sandra was helping raise Sunny after Janine was sentenced to six months in prison for tax evasion in late 2008, according to reports.

Just when fans thought the pair were going strong, In Touch Weekly reported about Jesse’s alleged cheating with Michelle “Bombshell” McGee, a model who claims she had an 11-month affair with Jesse. Following the news, multiple other women came forward with stories of infidelity.

Shortly after, Jesse issued a public apology to his then-wife and his three kids. “There is only one person to blame for this whole situation, and that is me,” he said in a statement. Though a “vast majority” of the allegations made against him were “untrue and unfounded,” he noted, “it’s because of my poor judgment that I deserve everything bad that is coming my way.”

Jesse went on to say, “This has caused my wife and kids pain and embarrassment beyond comprehension and I am extremely saddened to have brought this on them. I am truly very sorry for the grief I have caused them. I hope one day they can find it in their hearts to forgive me.”

However, Sandra filed for divorce from Jesse in late April 2010 and it was finalized in late June 2010.

Chris Pizzello/Invision/AP/Shutterstock MEGA

Five years after their divorce, Sandra found love with Bryan. The couple met in 2015 after she hired the handsome hunk to come take photos at her son Louis’ birthday party. Since then, the pair has been happier than ever.

“They are best friends and partners,” a source once told Closer, adding Sandra is Bryan’s “greatest supporter.”

In March 2017, Jesse addressed the cheating incident that happened over a decade ago. “Yeah, I did cheat on my wife. I stood up and took accountability for it and apologized. And that’s end of story,” he told the Correio diário at the time. “In general, both women and men cheat. It’s part of life.”

Despite being heartbroken in the past, Sandra is looking forward to her future with Bryan. “Sometimes they sit back and laugh because they look at their lives and they feel like an old married couple,” another source told Closer in December 2019. “They’re set in their ways and content. The kids are healthy and happy. This is all she’s ever wanted: this is heaven for Sandra.”